Language services - Definitions

In announcing publicly our costs, we use the following definitions:

A "standard page" consists of 250 words. In the calculation of "standard pages" we include notes, references, and bibliography.

"Light copy-editing" relates to texts, written by a well-educated native speaker, who has invested the necessary efforts to provide references and bibliography in the required journal, book, or proceedings style.

"Standard copy-editing" relates to texts, written by a well-educated non-native speaker with a good knowledge of the respective language, who has invested efforts to provide references and bibliography in the required journal, book, or proceedings style.

"Developmental copy-editing" relates to texts, written by a non-native speaker with a moderate knowledge of the respective language, who has tried to provide references and bibliography in the required journal, book, or proceedings style.

Other related definitions may be found here.

Copy-editing services

Procon provides language-related services to publishers and other interested entities.

That includes translation from and into English, Russian, and Bulgarian (in any combination), copy-editing and proofreading in all three languages.

Our focus is on security and technology.

Both for own needs and in providing external services Procon has a pool of highly-educated and experienced native speakers in the respective language.

Current costs:

  Euro per standard page
Translation 15
Light copy-editing 5
Standard copy-editing 9
Developmental copy-editing 18
Proofreading 3

You can check the definitions we use here.

For inquiries, please us the contact form on this website.

Copyright and Licensing

I&S is an open access, peer-reviewed journal aiming to foster sharing and re-use of quality research in order to accelerate scientific discovery. In light of this, the assumption is that scholars who publish their research in the journal, wish their work to be available as freely and as widely as possible through the open access publishing channel. The publisher therefore uses a number of depositing, indexing, and archiving services.

Authors who publish with I&S will retain all intellectual property rights, including moral rights in their work. Articles and metadata will be licenced to the public under 

 Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International license (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).

I&S allows readers to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articlesReaders will be able to share, use, re-use and build upon the material published in the journal only as long as they give appropriate credit, use the material for non-commercial purposes only and only if the material is distributed under the same license as the original. You can find more information on Creative Commons at

It is the responsibility of the author of the article to verify that the original license pertaining to the material included in the article is compatible with the subsequent issuance by the I&S of the article under the CC 4.0 BY-NC-SA license.

Users who want to use the material on I&S for commercial purposes should contact I&S directly at infosec [at] procon [dot] bg. Any commercial use of the author’s work requires the permission of the author and any aspects of the work which are the property of I&S, if any, requires permission from I&S.

Please write to infosec [at] procon [dot] bg if you have any questions regarding this copyright and licensing statement. 

IT for Security Department

Join us for the celebration of our 10th Anniversary and the Scientific Session "IT for Security"

The Information Technologies for Security Department of the Institute of Information & Communication Technologies studies the interrelation between the development of information technologies and the new security challenges of the 21st century.

The interdisciplinary research team explores, advances and applies methodologies and tools for IT governance and change management, design and analysis of architectures and capabilities, modelling and simulation for the security sector, and information security management.

Organizationally, the department includes:

Centre for Security and Defence Management (CSDM)

Joint Training, Simulation, and Analysis Centre (JTSAC)

Senior researchers of the department form the nucleus of the Editorial Board of Information & Security: An International Journal.