Law Enforcement

Law Enforcement

Transnational Organized Crime – Latvian Challenges and Responses

Loskutovs, Aleksejs. "Transnational Organized Crime – Latvian Challenges and Responses." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 15, no. 3 (2016): 33-39.

 

Introduction

Latvia has not encountered transnational organized crime particularly frequently. However, the problem arises primarily as a result of Latvia’s geographical position, manifesting itself in:

Karachi: Organized Crime in a Key Megacity

Hussain, Nazia, and Louise Shelley. "Karachi: Organized Crime in a Key Megacity." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 15, no. 3 (2016): 5-15.
 

Introduction

Megacities are developing across many regions of the world – in particular in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. These cities are growing rapidly as migrants from rural areas or those escaping conflicts gravitate to urban areas. Migrants often settle in informal urban settlements that frequently lack infrastructure and services. In the absence of state presence, or in areas where the state’s presence is substantially weakened, criminals and other non-state actors become the providers of services needed by citizens.

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