Terrorism

Terrorism

Terrorism (definitions, motivation, strategy and tactics, innovation, links to organised crime, weapons of mass destruction, freelance, lone-wolf terrorism) and Counter-terrorism (security forces, intelligence, legal issues, countering terrorist financing, interagency cooperation, comprehensive strategy)

Heirs of Abu Bakr: On the Ideology and Conception of History in al-Qaeda and Islamic State

Skovgaard-Petersen, Jakob. "Heirs of Abu Bakr: On the Ideology and Conception of History in al-Qaeda and Islamic State." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 16, no. 1 (2017): 25-36.

 

Introduction

Did the Caliphate cease to exist in 1924, or was it dissolved after the Mongolian invasion of Bagdad in 1258? Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda (AQ) believed in the first claim, whereas Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and IS seem to consider the second contention to be true.

The Mole and the Mallet: Islamic State and al-Qaeda in the ‘Thirty Years' War’ in the Middle East

Andersen, Lars Erslev. "The Mole and the Mallet: Islamic State and al-Qaeda in the ‘Thirty Years' War’ in the Middle East." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 16, no. 1 (2017): 7-24.

Introduction

Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen has an arcade game named ‘Whack-A-Mole.’ The game involves competing about who can hit most moles with a mallet in the shortest period of time. You cannot win against the moles, as they keep popping up from their holes, but you can hit most moles in the shortest period of time.

Karachi: Organized Crime in a Key Megacity

Hussain, Nazia, and Louise Shelley. "Karachi: Organized Crime in a Key Megacity." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 15, no. 3 (2016): 5-15.
 

Introduction

Megacities are developing across many regions of the world – in particular in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. These cities are growing rapidly as migrants from rural areas or those escaping conflicts gravitate to urban areas. Migrants often settle in informal urban settlements that frequently lack infrastructure and services. In the absence of state presence, or in areas where the state’s presence is substantially weakened, criminals and other non-state actors become the providers of services needed by citizens.

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