Security Aspects of Hybrid War, COVID-19 Pandemic and Cyber-Social Vulnerabilities

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Connections: The Quarterly Journal, Volume 20, Number 3 (2021)


cognitive hacking, COVID-19, cyber security, cyber technologies, cyber-social vulnerabilities, cyberattack, e-learning, emotional warfare, hybrid warfare, information trauma


While developments in cyber technologies have advanced the propagation and reach of hybrid warfare, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated many vulnerabilities and critical dependencies. This article explores the fundamental aims and strategies of hybrid warfare in terms of psychological underpinnings and technological reach and links to emerging issues of disinformation, cybercrime, fake news, information trauma, and the influence of new modes of education on national security and state resilience.
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Last updated: Thursday, 12 January 2023