The fast growth of the Information and Communications Technologies and the extent of their use almost in all areas of societal activity have highlighted the need for safe and reliable services. Albania is among the countries where the development of telecommunications, access to Internet and informatisation of the society are advancing very quickly. This adds value to the economic and social development of the country, but at the same time it makes it vulnerable to cyber attacks from state and private actors. In addition to the positive aspects, the access to cyber space increases the potential risk of damage or misuse of data and computer systems. As a consequence of the increase of cyber risks, the protection of data integrity and data confidentiality and the safe access to the cyber space have become some of the greatest challenges, which our society faces nowadays, turning them into matters of national security. Following an analysis of the current situation and developments, this paper highlights recent developments in the field and provides analysis the state of play in Albania. Challenges and solutions that are foreseen are also addressed in the paper, taking into consideration the specific features of the Albanian society and economy.