This lecture introduces the concepts of "program", "programming", and program-based capability development or, equivalently, program-based defence resource management. It compares a number of program structures and demonstrates how programming can incorporate uncertainty and, respectvely, the program-based capability development can afford adaptation to a certain degree of change in the force development environment.
The lecture presents the principles of programme-based force development: relating resource allocation to policy decision; output orientation of the resource decisions; balancing the capability portfolio; balancin long-term with short-term needs, urgent operational requirements and legacy issues; transparency, accountablity and flexibility in changing force development environment. It provides examples of programme structures and comparative analysis.
The lecture materials are in Bulgarian. Some of the referenced source are in English and can be freely downloaded on this site.
With a diverse array of sports markets spanning football, basketball, tennis, and more, it caters to the preferences of avid sports enthusiasts worldwide. Beyond traditional sports, Betwinner https://europeansincatalonia.org also offers unconventional betting opportunities such as eSports and virtual sports. The platform's live betting feature allows users to engage dynamically with ongoing events, accompanied by real-time updates and statistics.